Timelines :: Islamic Faith

islam-tlThis is intended to be a timeline of Islam from a Christian perspective. I will not agree with some of the things that Islam states such as that Ishmael was the one honored by God.


570
Mohammed is born in Mecca

573
Abu Bekr, Mohammed’s father in law and first Caliph of the Mohammedans is born

606
Fatima, Mohammed’s daughter is born

610
Mohammed has a vision on Mount Hira

615
Mohammed starts teaching his religion.

622
Mohammed is forced to flee Mecca for Medina. This event is called the Hegira and is year one on the calendar for Islam.

624
Mohammed marries Aisha who is the ten-year-old daughter of Abu Bekr.

625
Mohammed begins to dictate the Koran.

627
Mohammed’s enemies from Mecca besiege Medina and slaughter 700 Jews.

628
Mohammed captures Mecca and writes letters to all the rulers of the world explaining the principles of the Moslem faith.

632
Mohammed dies he is replaced by Abu Bekr who makes his capital Medina. Fatima also dies.

633
The religion of Mohammedanism as it is known spreads to Jerusalem, Antioch, and Alexandria taking those cities from the Christians.

634
Abu Bekr dies and is replaced by Mohammed’s adviser, Omar I. Omar will spread the religion to Syria, Persia, and Egypt.

635
Damascus becomes the capital of the caliphs. Gaza is captured.

637
Jerusalem is conquered by the Arabs. Arabs are exposed to Islam.

638
Persia is besieged by the Moslems and asks for help from China.

639
The Arabs attack Armenia.

641
The Library of Alexandria is destroyed by the Arabs. Omar destroys the Persian Empire. The caliphs will rule the country till 1258 and Islam will replace the religion of Zoroaster.

642
The Eastern Roman Empire is weakened by the Arab conquest of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Syria. The Amr Mosque is built in Cairo.

643
The Muslims conquer Tripoli. The building of the Dome of the Rock begins.

646
The Byzantine Navy recaptures Alexandria.

649
The Arabs conquer Cyprus.

650
Caliph Othman puts the Koran into chapters. He also introduces the first organized news service.

652
The Arabs reach their southern limit at Aswan.

655
A Muslim fleet destroys the Byzantine fleet at Lycia.

656
Caliph Othman murdered.

658
The Omayyad’s rise to power in Damascus. They will become a family of Caliph’s in 660 and start a style of building.

661
Caliph Ali, nephew of Mohammed, murdered.

670: The Arabs attack Northern Africa.

671
“Greek Fire” is used against the Arabs during their siege of Constantinople.

674
The Arabs reach the Indus River.

679
Yezid I becomes Caliph.

683
Moawiyah II becomes Caliph.

684
Abdelmelik becomes Caliph.

693
Justinian II is defeated by the Arabs at Sebastopolis, Cilicia. Justinian was a Byzantine emperor who had invaded Arab territory for Christianity.

694
Arabs overrun Armenia

695
First Arab coinage.

697
The Arabs destroy Carthage.

700
The Arabs conquer Algiers and Christianity in North Africa is wiped out.

705
Walid I becomes Caliph. The Great Mosque is built in Damascus.

711
Spain with the exception of Asturias becomes an Arab state.

712
The Muslims conquer Samarkand, Seville, and an Indian state is established in Sind.

716
The Arabs conquer Lisbon.

717
Caliph Omar II grants tax exemption to all believers.

720
The Arabs cross into France. Yezid becomes Caliph. Abu Masa Dshaffar, who invents sulfuric acid, metric acid, aqua regia, and nitrate of silver, begins work.

724
Hisham becomes Caliph.

732
Charles Martel defeats the Arabs at Tours and stops the westward expansion of the religion.

744
Mervan II becomes Caliph he is the last of the Omayyads.

748
The Arab Navy is destroyed at Cyprus.

750
The Abbasids take over the Caliph office with their first Caliph Abu-al-Abbis. This year begins the study of medicine, astronomy, mathematics, optics, and chemistry in Arab Spain.

751
Western Asia embraces Islam. Islam fractions into four sects: Sunnites, Hafenities, Shafites, and Malikites.

754
Al Mansur becomes Caliph.

755
The Cordoba family takes the Caliph office until 1031.

763
Caliph al-Mansur moves the capital to Baghdad.

775
Caliph Mahdi starts an inquisition.

782
The Arab scientist Jabir starts to separate the study of Chemistry from alchemy.

809
Caliph al-Amin takes office.

810
Arab mathematician Muhammed ibn Musa al Chwarazmi starts to study equations which he calls Algebra.

826
The Arabs take Crete and plunder the Greek isles. The following year they will invade Sicily and Sardinia.

832
The Arabs invade Egypt

833
Samarra becomes the new capital of Islam.

838
Arabs sack Marseilles and settle in southern Italy. They also manage to defeat the Byzantine Army.

846
The Arabs sack Rome and damage the Vatican.

847
Mottawakkil becomes Caliph. He is the last Caliph of the whole Islam religion. After this the religion since it has split no longer listens to a caliph from another section.

850
The Arabs invent coffee.

858
Vikings are expelled by the Arabs from their lands.

869
Malta is captured by the Arabs.

880
The Arabs lose Italy.

888
The Arabs occupy Garde-Freinet on the coast of Provence.

900
Christians begin the reconquest of Spain from the Arabs. The Arab physician Rhases declares plague, consumption, smallpox, and rabies to be infectious diseases.

904
Salonika is sacked by Muslim pirates.

916
Arabs are expelled from central Italy.

935
Algiers is built by Arabs.

939
The Arabs lose Madrid.

961
The Arabs lose Crete

968
The Arabs found Cairo and lose Antioch.

975
Arabs lose Garde-Freinet

994
Arabs destroy the monastery of Monte Cassino. This is where the first rules for monks were established.

1004
Arabs sack Pisa.

1009
Muslims sack the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.

1015
The Arabs conquer Sardinia.

1033
The Arabs lose Castile

1052
The Arabs lose Sardinia.

1075
The Turks, who are Muslim, take Syria and Palestine

1085
Toledo is taken from Arabs.

1086
The Muslims revive the Almoravid dynasty in a move to take back Spain.

1094
Valencia is taken from the Arabs.

1095
Pope Urban II starts The First Crusade.

1097
The Crusaders defeat the Turks at Dorylaeum, and take Nicaea.

1098
The Crusaders take Antioch

1099
The Crusaders take Jerusalem

1104
The Crusaders take Acre. This marks the end of the First Crusade

1125
The Almohades conquer Morocco.

1144
The Turks take Edessa.

1145
Pope Eugene III proclaims The Second Crusade.

1147
The Second Crusade ends in Asia Minor.

1176
General Saladin conquers Syria for the Arabs.

1183
General Saladin takes Aleppo.

1187
Saladin takes Jerusalem.

1189
Third Crusade is proclaimed.

1191
Richard I and his Crusade Army takes Cyprus

1193
Saladin dies and the Third Crusade ends

1200
Islam starts to replace Indian religions.

1202
The Fourth Crusade begins.

1203
The Arabs conquer Upper India.

1204
Crusaders take Constantinople and the Fourth Crusade is declared over.

1212
The Children’s Crusade begins.

1217
The Children’s Crusade fails to take Egypt and ends.

1228
The Sixth Crusade begins. It would end the next year with no gains.

1230
The Crusaders manage to bring Leprosy into Europe.

1236
The Arabs lose Cordoba to Castile.

1244
The Egyptians take Jerusalem.

1248
The Seventh Crusade begins. It ends in 1250 with the capture of Louis IX.

1258
The Mongols take Baghdad from the Arabs.

1270
The Eighth Crusade begins and ends the same year.

1291
The Muslim Mamelukes take Acre and end Christian rule in the East. The Crusade period is declared to be over by the Pope.

1333
Arabic Zenith in Granada

1352
Arabs explore the Sahara

1375
The Mamelukes take Sis and end Armenian independence.

1382
The Ottoman Turks capture Sofia.

1390
The Ottoman Turks capture Asia Minor from the Byzantines.

1396
The Ottoman Turks defeat a Hungarian Army at Nicopolis.

1398
The Ottoman Turks conquer Delhi.

1401
The Ottoman Turks capture Baghdad and Damascus.

1443
The Hungarians at Nish defeat The Ottoman Turks

1444
The Ottoman Turks defeat the Polish and Hungarians at Varna.

1447
The Arabs lose India, Persia, and Afghanistan.

1453
The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople and destroy the Byzantine Empire.

1456
The Ottoman Turks capture Athens.

1463
The Ottoman Turks capture Bosnia.

1467
The Ottoman Turks capture Herzegovina

1492
The Country of Spain becomes a reality with the end of Arab rule. The Ottoman Turks invade Hungary

1493
The Ottoman Turks invade Dalmatia and Croatia.

1501
Persia officially adopts Islam.

1507
The Portuguese establish bases in the Persian Gulf.

1517
The Ottoman’s take Egypt

1526
The Arabs finally take India.

1528
The Ottoman Turks take Buda in Hungary. The next year they will fail to take Vienna.

1550
Islam spreads to Java, Molucca, and Borneo

1568
All remaining Muslims in Spain are forcibly converted to Catholicism.

1571
The Spread of the Ottoman Empire ends at the Mediterranean.

1711
Russia and Turkey go to war.

1718
Turkey and Austria go to war. Turkey loses and will lose Hungary.

1722
Afghanistan becomes independent from Persia.

1804
Sudan becomes an Islamic State.

1811
British occupy Indonesia. They will give it to the Dutch in 1816.

1824
Greece becomes independent.

1827
Malaya becomes a British protectorate.

1828
Russia declares war on Turkey.

1830
French forces occupy Algeria ending Turk rule.

1839
Turkey loses Egypt.

1840
Egypt is forced to give up Syria.

1857
Great Britain takes India and ends Muslim rule there.

1859
The Islamic State of Daghestan becomes a Russian State.

1876
Britain builds the Suez Canal and takes over Egypt.

1878
Turkey sells Cyprus to Britain and Russia takes Adrianople.

1879
With the treaty of Berlin, Turkey loses 4/5 of its land in Europe.

1881
France invades Tunisia.

1901
France occupies Morocco.

1905
Islam reaches France once again as it is recognized as a religion.

1916
Arabs rebel against Ottoman Rule. They are led by Lawrence of Arabia.

1918
With the end of World War I, the Ottoman Empire ceases to exist. Syria and Damascus become French protectorates. Palestine is born.

1921
The country of Transjorden is declared along with that of Iraq.

1924
Arabia is established as it gains control of Mecca and Medina.

1928
Turkey is declared a secular state.

1932
Iraq gains its independence.

1935
Persia changes its name to Iran.

1936
With increased Jewish immigration the first war occurs between Jewish and Arab people in the Holy Land.

1941
Britain and Russia invade Iran.

1943
Palestine starts a terror war in the Holy Land.

1946
Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria are granted independence.

1947
Pakistan is made a Muslim country as it separates from India.

1948
Israel becomes a country. The Arabs reject their own state and go to war with Israel. The Arabs lose their first war.

1951
Libya becomes independent.

1956
Morocco and Tunisia become independent. The Israelis take the Sinai.

1962
Algeria becomes independent.

1965
Malcolm X is assassinated in America ending for a time the Black Muslim movement in America. It would start up again in the 1970’s

1967
The SIx-Day war

1973
The Yom Kipper War.

1979
The Shah is overthrown in Iran and the country becomes a fanatical Muslim state.

1980
Israel destroys Iraq’s nuclear plant and Iraq invades Iran

1989
Iraq-Iran war comes to an end,

1991
Persian Gulf War I

2001
The World Trade Center is destroyed. Later that year Afghanistan is pacified by America

2003
Iraq is freed.

March 11, 2004
A Jihadi group claims responsibility for bombings in Madrid, targeting it’s commuter railway and several trains. The Jihad attack killed 191, and wounded 1,460 others.

July 7, 2005
A radical Muslim group claims responsibility for bombings in London, in an attack which killed 52, and wounds over 700 others.

Sept, 2008
The Islamic Resistance Movement, or Hamas, says that it wants the formation of a Palestinian national unity government to settle the political crisis which has divided Palestinians. The proposal for a technocrat government was made during a series of meetings between Egypt and representatives of the Palestinian factions that oppose the feud between Hamas and Fatah.

Nov 13, 2009
Officials in Turkey say that they “would not say no”, if asked to store Iran’s enriched uranium. There has been a noticeable thaw between the two countries lately, and according to a “Time” article, “The only country who’s not happy with the situation is Israel. The fact that Turkey is talking to Tehran implies that there is an exchange between the U.S. and Iran that [Turkey] is a go-between for.” Indeed, if Turkey is rebranding itself diplomatically as a bridge between the West and the Muslim world, it needs good ties with both.”
A comprehensive 2009 demographic study of 232 countries and territories reported that 23% of the global population, or 1.57 billion people, are Muslims. Of those, it’s estimated over 75–90% are Sunni and 10–20% are Shia with a small minority belonging to other sects.

December 15, 2009
Islamic Terrorism on the Rise Since Obama’s Inauguration – Islamic terrorism is on the rise both domestically and internationally according to a report by Fox News. A bipartisan report by the American Security Project says the number of terrorism acts is on pace to surpass more than 1000 for all of 2009. Domestically, the number of terror-related incidents hit the highest number since 2001.

International Islamic Terrorism Escalates – The number of terrorist acts in 2009 spiked by almost 50% over 2008 levels to nearly 1000, up from 671. This includes an intense spike of 220 terrorist attacks in Pakistan alone for the first half of 2009, up from 81 in the first half of 2008. Somalia saw its terror incidents climb to 165 in the first half of 2009 from are on track to increase by up to 20% in 2009 over 2008’s levels.

Islamic Terrorist Attacks Increase in U.S. – The number of terrorist incidents in 2009 rose to 12 after a yearly average of just under 3 per year for all the years under Bush after 911. These incidents include the June attack by Abdulhakim Muhammad at a military recruitment center in Arkansas, murdering one soldier; the Fort Hood terrorism incident by Nidal Hasan, where he murdered 13 in a case of spree-shooting; the plot to bomb targets in NYC by Najibullah Zazi; and the incident with Abdulmutallab trying to blow up the Detroit-bound plane on Christmas.

April 15, 2010
Obama Removes “Islam” from National Security Strategy Document – FrontpageMag.com reported that President Barack Obama removed all mention of Islam from the National Security Strategy document, which during the Bush administration said: “The struggle against militant Islamic radicalism is the great ideological conflict of the early years of the 21st century.” This tragic lapse in good judgment by the president, choosing appeasement over the proven facts of Islam’s terrorist record leaves his loyalty to all Americans, especially those who have been effected by of Islamic terrorism in question.

May 5, 2010
Pakistan is “Epicenter of Islamic Terrorism” – The suspect in the Times Square bombing attempt was caught as he was seeking to flee to Pakistan, a nation that analyst Fareed Zakaria calls the “epicenter of Islamic terrorism.” “It’s worth noting that even the terrorism that’s often attributed to the war in Afghanistan tends to come out of Pakistan, to be planned by Pakistanis, to be funded from Pakistan or in some other way to be traced to Pakistan”said Zakaria. He added that Pakistan’s connection with terrorist groups goes back decades and has often been encouraged by that nation’s military for strategic reasons.

August 31, 2010
Islamic Terrorism against Civilians in Israel – Four Israelis, including a pregnant woman, were murdered when terrorists ambushed their car as they were driving near Kiryat Arba in the West Bank. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack, which coincided with the restarting of Israeli-Palestinian peace talks in Washington, D.C

September 1, 2010
Two Israelis were wounded, one seriously, when Hamas terrorists ambushed their car as the couple was driving near Kochav Hashachar.

September 3, 2010
Islamic Terror Inside America – Human Events warned that leading U.S. security experts say that homegrown Islamic terrorism is becoming a serious problem. And it will most likely get worse because our politically correct (PC) leaders refuse to address the root cause─fundamentalist Islam─and virtually no Muslim leaders are willing to expose the teachings that fuel Islamic terrorism.

 

March 11, 2011
Islam in Action─Terrorist Attacks against Israelis – Five Israelis all members of the same family were stabbed to death in their beds by two men, both believed to be Palestinian. The victims included father and mother Ehud and Ruth Fogel and three of their six children, Yoav, 11, Elad, 4, and 3 month-old Hadas.The brutal murders which occurred in Itamar drew international condemnation from governments, the United Nations and the Middle East Quartet of nations.

April 7, 2011
An anti-tank missile fired from Gaza at a clearly marked yellow Israeli school bus driving near the Sha’ar Hanegev Regional Council wounded an Israeli teenager and the bus driver. The boy, 16-year-old Daniel Viflic later died from his wounds in the hospital.

August 18, 2011
A series of attacks targeted civilians and soldiers in southern Israel, killing eight people and wounding at least 31. Terrorists from Gaza infiltrated Israel via the border with Egypt, and fired on a civilian buses and vehicles, detonated explosives when IDF soldiers arrived on the scene of the attack, and then launched mortar shells at soldiers along the Israeli-Egyptian border.

August 28, 2011
Eight people were wounded when a Palestinian man from Nablus attacked a Tel Aviv nightclub. The terrorist hijacked a taxi in Jaffa and rammed into an Israel Border Police checkpoint that had been set up to protect the event of over 2,000 people. He then jumped out of the taxi, shouted “Allahu Akhbar” and began stabbing bystanders and police.

September 6, 2011
Canadian PM Says Islamic Terrorism Is Biggest Threat – In an interview with CBC News Canada, Prime Minister Stephen Harper stated that, “Islamicism is the biggest threat to Canada” and that the Conservatives will bring back the controversial anti-terrorism laws.

March 19, 2012
French Jewish School Shooting by Islamic Gunman – Mahamed Merah who claimed to have ties to al-Queda gunned down three Jewish school children, a rabbi at a Jewish school in Toulouse, France in the early morning hours. The same gunman carried out two earlier attacks killing three soldiers leaving a total of seven people dead and two wounded in southwestern France. The killer was shot dead by police after a siege at his flat.

June 19, 2012
Hamas Fires Barrages of Rockets into Southern Israel – The armed wing of Hamas, the Islamic militant group that governs in Gaza fired barrages of rockets into southern Israel on Tuesday after a break of more than a year during which the group largely adhered to an informal cease-fire.Hamas said it had aimed its rockets at a civilian community and an Israeli military base near the border. Two police officers were injured.

September 2, 2012
Islamic Terrorists Launch More Attacks on Israelis – Rocket and mortar attacks resumed with the start of the school year. No one was physically injured, but an agricultural hothouse was damaged, requiring thousands of shekels in repairs. Numerous residents suffered anxiety symptoms, and those with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) from the stress of living under constant rocket fire had symptoms triggered by the attack.

September 8, 2012
Hundreds of Islamic Thugs Terrorize Jewish Village – Hundreds of Palestinian Authority Arabs have been assaulting a Jewish village in the Binyamin region since Saturday afternoon as reported by Tazpit News Agency. Residents of the Jewish village of Esh Kodesh reported that the assault began when three men from the community were walking in one of the town’s vineyards on Saturday afternoon, during the Jewish Sabbath. The men were attacked by a large Arab mob armed with clubs and sticks, residents said. A security team from Esh Kodesh was called to the scene, as were nearby IDF units and encountered hundreds of PA men armed with rocks and other makeshift weapons─unable to stop the assault. Children in the village are crying,” community spokesman Aharon Katzuf told Tatzpit. “They can’t sleep because of the screams of ‘Yitbach al Yahud’ [Slaughter the Jews – ed.] and ‘Allahu Akbar.’”

May 22, 2013
London beheading: In London, two Muslim men shoutingjihad’s ancient war-cry, “Allahu Akbar” beheaded a British soldier with a cleaver–in a busy intersection and in broad daylight. They boasted of their crime in front of passersby and asked to be videotaped. (Fox News)

Mosques Growing in Number in U.S.: Researcher Ihsan Bagby identified mosques that are in excess of the totals shown hr in these metropolitan areas: New York City (192), southern California (120), Chicago (90), Philadelphia (63), Detroit (62), San Francisco Bay (62), Atlanta (55), northern New Jersey (53), Houston (42), and Dallas-Fort Worth (39). States with the most mosques are: New York (257), California (246), Texas (166), Florida (118), Illinois (109), New Jersey (109), Pennsylvania (99), Michigan (77), Georgia (69), and Virginia (62).

April 2014
Boko Haram Kidnapping – 276 female students were kidnapped from the Government Secondary School in the town of Chibok in Borno State, Nigeria. Responsibility for the Islamist kidnappings was claimed by Boko Haram, an Islamic Jihadist and terrorist organization based in northeast Nigeria. As of 29 June, more than 200 students were still missing.

July 5, 2014
Gamba, Kenya – A 12-year-old Christian carrying a Bible was murdered by Islamic supremacists.

July 7, 2013
Benghazi, Libya – Over two dozen people were killed in an ttack claimed by Isamic militia. For extensive list of hundreds of Islamic attacks in 2014 visit: http://www.thereligionofpeace.com/attacks-2014.htm

2015
Deadly stampede at Mecca highlights Dangers of Hajj – It’s the biggest mass gathering in the world, an integral part of the Muslim faith and provides a big economic boost for Saudi Arabia. But the hundreds of fatalities from this week’s stampede and the recent deadly collapse of a crane has highlighted the dangers of “making hajj” to the holy city of Mecca. At least 717 pilgrims died and 805 were injured in the stampede in Mina on the outskirts of Mecca, according to Saudi authorities, marking the worst Hajj disaster in 25 years. But the tragedy, coming just two weeks after 100 people were killed when a giant crane at the Grand Mosque collapsed on September 11, on the anniversary of 9/11 World Trade Center tragedy which involved Islamic terrorism.

2016
During the year 2016, some 90,000 Christians were killed for their faith around the world, according to a new study from the Turin-based Center for Studies on New Religions (CESNUR). The director of CESNUR and leader of the study, Dr. Massimo Introvigne, told Breitbart News that Christians are the most persecuted religious group in the world, and the numbers of those affected are staggering.

The 2016 report found that “Islamic extremism is by far the most significant persecution engine” of Christians in the world today and that “40 of the 50 countries on the World Watch List are affected by this kind of persecution.”